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Civil War Project for Sesquicentennial

of the Civil War in Historic Hampshire County

In cooperation with the Hampshire County Convention and Visitor Bureau and various local civil war historians, is endeavoring to create a resource for those studying the Civil War in Hampshire County. This is an on-going project, so please check back for updates. It is also a community cooperative project, so please feel free to contribute.


Sites in Hampshire County of interest for Civil War activity

    Engagements in Hampshire County
  • Battle of Romney Bridge, June 13, 1861
  • Skirmish at Ridgedale, July 13, 1861 [DHW-S-7]
  • Springfield, Aug. 23, 1861
  • Hanging Rock, Sep. 23, 1861
  • Descent on Romney, Sep. 23-25, 1861 [WoR 1,V p1173]
  • Romney & Wire Bridge, October 24-26, 1861 [WoR 1,V p1173]
  • Skirmish at South Branch Bridge, Oct. 26 1861 [WoR 1,V p1173]
  • Skirmish near Springfield, Oct. 26 1861 [WoR 1,V p1173]
  • Skirmish near Romney, Nov. 13, 1861 [WoR 1,V p3, 1173]
  • Skirmish near mouth of Little Cacapon River, Nov. 30, 1861 [WoR 1,V p3]
  • Skirmish near Romney; also at Dam No. 5, Dec. 8, 1861 [WoR 1,V p3]
  • Jackson's operations against Dam No. 5 & C&O Canal, Dec. 17-21, 1861 [WoR 1,V p3]
  • Skirmish at Slane's Cross Roads and Great Cacapon Bridge, Jan. 4, 1862 [WoR 1,V p4]
  • Skirmish at Blue's Gap, Jan. 7, 1862 [DHW-S-25] [WoR 1,V p4]
  • Affair at Bloomery, Feb. 14, 1862 [WoR 1,V p3]
  • Grassy Lick, Apr. 23, 1862 [DHW-S-34]; (Grass Lick, Apr. 22)
  • Wire Bridge, Aug. 16, 1862
  • Blue's Gap, Oct. 2 & 4, 1862
  • North River Mills, Oct. 8, 1862 [OR Vol. XIX, P. II, p.404]
  • Romney, Dec. 1, 1862
  • February 16, 1863 McNeill Rangers with only twenty-three men attacked a supply train guarded by one hundred fifty infantry and cavalry on the Northwestern Turnpike, five miles from Romney and captured 27 wagons, 72 prisoners, and 106 horses
  • August 1, 1863 engagement at Timber Ridge [HHC-MS reported in CVSampler-WW93]
  • May, 1864 McNeill's Rangers capture 60 prisoners at Springfield
  • June 26, at Springfield McNeill captures 60 Union soldiers bathing in the South Branch
  • Skirmish at North River Mills, July 8, 1864
  • Green Spring Depot, Aug. 7, 1864
  • Wire Bridge, Aug. 26, 1864
  • Springfield, Aug. 29, 1864
  • November 1, 1864, McNeill Rangers accompanied by White's Company attacked the B & Ohio at Green Spring
  • February 21, 1865 The capture of Generals Crook and Kelly in Cumberland, Md. and escape through Hampshire County.
  • See also:
  • Ringgold Cavalry actions, see:
  • See also list in Vol. V

Civil War Map of Hampshire County (Shenandoah & Upper Potomac - Meigs, 500kb) note: available in full from the Library of Congress, #cw0655500

Gen. Lander's Map of Area Surrounding Hampshire County - The map covers the area from Harper's Ferry to Piedmont from the Potomac south to the Northwestern Turnpike.  Note: this is a large file (213kb) and will take time to download!  ** New! **

Civil War Engravings of Hampshire County

Books and publications noting Hampsire County in the Civil War

  • History of Hampshire County, West Virginia, From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present; by Hu Maxwell and H. L. Swisher; A. Brown Boughner, Morgantown, WV, 1897 (reprinted by McClain Printing Company, Parsons, WV, 1972) [HHC-MS]
  • Hanging Rock Rebel; ed by Dan Oates; Pearsall Press, Romney, WV, 1994. [A new publication of Lt. John Blue's recollections of his experiences in Hampshire County as a Confederate spy. He mentions many people and places of his day.]
  • Phantoms of the South Fork: Captain McNeill and His Rangers by Steve French; Released October 2017, Published by Kent State University Press. This work deals with the local Civil War heroes, McNeill's Rangers and their daring exploits in the Potomac highlands. Researched by a Panhandle author of several Civil War histories.
  • Romney in the Civil War; by C. H. Ambler; a manuscript in the West Virginia Archives. [Available in the Romney Library; in depth look at actions in Romney during the War of the Rebellion.]
  • Stonewall Jackson's Romney Campaign, January 1 - February 20, 1862; by Thomas M. Rankin; H. E. Howard, Inc., Lynchburg, Virginia, 1994. [New publication covers this campaign in detail.]
  • The Devastating Hand of War: Romney, West Virginia During the Civil War; by Richard A. Sauers; The George Tyler Moore Center for the Study of the Civil War, Shepherdstown, WV, 2000. [DHW-S] ISBN 0-9628218-7-X [This book available from the Fort Mill Ridge Foundation (304)822-4320]
  • Romney, West Virginia, During The Civil War by Arthur G. Slonaker; Masters Thesis, West Virginia University, 1941.
  • Civil War Soldiers From Hampshire County West Virginia by Susan R. Crites; Butternut Publications, Hedgesville, WV, 2001.
  • Four Years in the Stonewall Brigade; by John O. Casler; Press of Morningside Bookshop; Dayton, Ohio, 1982 [first published in 1893; second enlarged and corrected edition published in 1906; the current reprint has added numerous informative footnotes to corroborate or correct the original manuscript. Casler enlisted at Springfield and served in most of Jackson's Romney campaign; he offers names of local persons and identifies locations in Hampshire County.]
  • Stonewall's Man Sandie Pendleton; by W. G. Bean; The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, 1959 [gives a detailed description of the destruction around Frenchburg]
  • The Liberty Hall Volunteers: Stonewall's College Boys; by W. G. Bean; The University of Virginia Press, Charlottesville, 1964 [quotes a description by Ted Barclay of the devastation around Romney and the inhumanity of Federal soldiers]
  • The Baltimore and Ohio in the Civil War; by Festus P. Summers; New York, G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1939. [This book also has information on the political shenanigans that brought Hampshire and surrounding counties into the new state of West Virginia althought the prominent sympathies were with the south.]
  • Romney, West Virginia, During the Civil War M.A. Thesis, West Virginia Univesity, 1941.
  • Dear Esther: the Civil War letters of Private Aungier Dobbs, Centerville, Pennsylvania ... by Aungier Dobbs, Ralph Haas and Philip Ensley; Publisher: Closson Press, Apollo, Pa., 1991. [The Ringgold Cavalry of Pennsylvania was one of the main Union units operating in Hampshire County during the Civil War.]
  • Elwood's stories of the old Ringgold cavalry, 1847-1865; by John William Elwood; Coal Center, Pa., J. W. Elwood, 1914. [Information drawn on memories and papers of several Ringgold and McNeill's Rangers men. Reprint available from Higginson Book Company]
  • The Twenty-Second Pennsylvania Cavalry and the Ringgold Battalion, 1861-1865; by Samuel Clarke Farrar; pub. by the Twenty-Second Pennsylvania Ringgold Cavalry Association. [unreviewed]
  • An Education for Civil War Militia Cavalry: The Ringgold Cavalry Company in the Alleghenies, June to November 1861 by Richard D. Pitts;

Books of local area activities that may mention Hampsire County

  • The McKaig Journal: A Confederate Family of Cumberland, Maryland by Helene L Baldwin & Michael Allen Mudge & Keith W Schlegel; published by Allegany County Historical Society, Cumberland, Maryland, 1984.
  • 2nd Virginia Infantry (Virginia Regimental Hist Ser) by Dennis Frye; published by H. E. Howard (April 1984)

References in Official Records of the Civil War - work in progress

Driving Trail for Civil War in Hampshire County
      coming soon
- we think it is - probably not.

People of interest to Hampshire County in Civil War era

Names on the Confederate Monument

Veterans buried in Indian Mound Cemetery

Enos Taylor: His Death & Burial

Confederate Units raised in Hampshire County during the War from Confederate Military History

Units in Romney and Hampshire County during the War

The Laurel Brigade in Hampshire County during the War

Hampshire's Civil War Soldiers:
      Hampshire's Confederate Soldiers - New page
      Company A, 33rd Va. Inf. - New page
      Company D, 17th Va. Batt. Cav. - New page

Civilians killed during the war

The capture of Generals Crook and Kelly in Cumberland, Md.

The Burning of Hampshire County - a draft study

Confederate Veteran Reunion at Camp Walker

Decoration Day 1903 - Review Editorial

Reunion at Indian Mound Cemetery

Civil War Poem by Marshall S. Cornwell

Location & Approaches to Romney

For Places mentioned in Hampshire County during the War Click here.

Index of More Civil War pages

Decoration Day 2017 at Indian Mound Cemetery

National Park Service Civil War Soldier Online Database
updated: 2/1/19 from 11/18/15